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A complete casting workshop that provides everything you need for solid and perforated flask casting (except a torch or metal-melting furnace). This system includes the tabletop V.I.C.™ 12 casting machine, a shop workhorse that allows you to cast solid and perforated flasks up to 5" diameter by 7"-tall flasks. This system includes a Rio circulating air oven. A wide selection of casting shop must-haves are also included for immediate casting capabilities in your shop. The system also includes all the consumables and accessories you will need to get you started.The system includes:

• one V.I.C.™ 12 tabletop and perforated casting machine, 110 volts (705-118)

• one The Rio Assistant™ (705-140)

• one Rio circulating air oven, 110 volts (703-133)

• two 2-1/2" NeuSprue™ base assemblies (710-907)

• one 3" NeuSprue™ base assembly (710-740)

• one 4" NeuSprue™ base assembly (710-742)

• 3" slim NeuSprue™ for 4" flasks; pkg/120 (710-980)

• 5" slim NeuSprue™ for 6" flasks; pkg/30 (710-982/30)

• Wax Web™ for 2-1/2" x 2-1/2" flask; pkg/100 (702-203/BK)

• two stainless steel flasks, 2-1/2" x 3" (702-016/14)

• one stainless steel perforated flask, 3" x 4" (702-190/N)

• one stainless steel perforated flask; 4" x 6" (702-189/N)

• 2-1/2" rubber flask extender; pkg/3 (#702-330)

• shrink bands for 3-1/2" flasks; pkg/100 (710-957/100)

• shrink bands for 4" x 6" flasks; pkg/100 (710-960/100)

• R & R® Ultra-Vest®; 100 lb. drum (702-313)

• Rio Vacu-Film™ concentrate, 1-qt. jar (702-152/1)

• Matt’s Casting Flux™, 1 lb. (704-115)

• Rio casting crucible (704-022)

• flask tongs; 15" long (704-026)

• 14" asbestos-free casting gloves, 1 pr. (704-104)

• investment scale, 11 lbs./5kg (702-108)

• 3M 7502 half-face respirator (201-669)

• 3M respirator cartridge filters, 1 pr. (201-649)

• metal investment scoop (702-092)

• rubber mixing bowl, 1-gallon (702-132)

• mixing spatula, 4" x 7/8" blade (702-141)

• graduated 1,000cc pitcher (702-113)

• 1/4" carbon stirring rods; pkg/5 (705-120)

• "Practical Casting: A Studio Reference" book (550-185)

Catalog page: 2015 Tools and Equipment Catalog p.555

SPECIFIC GRAVITIES:

24KY = 19.32

18KY = 15.58

14KY = 13.07

10KY = 11.57

Fine silver = 10.49

Sterling = 10.36

Platinum = 21.54

Caster's brass chunks = 8.4

Caster's white bronze chunks = 8.1

Ancient bronze = 8.8

Yellow bronze = 8.4

Manganese bronze = 8.3

Nickel silver = 8.8

Alpaca = 8.6

SHRINK BANDS:

• Easy and fast to apply

• Complete, waterproof, effective seal

• See-through

• Easy to remove

• Easy and fast to apply

• Complete, waterproof, effective seal

• See-through

• Easy to remove

MASKING TAPE:

• Easy to apply

• Easy to apply

RUBBER SLEEVES:

• Difficult to apply smoothly to flask

• Effective seal once properly applied (must be completely wrinkle- and fold-free)

• Becomes progressively less effective over time as elasticity deteriorates

• Difficult to remove

• Must be cleaned prior to re-use

• Difficult to apply smoothly to flask

• Effective seal once properly applied (must be completely wrinkle- and fold-free)

• Becomes progressively less effective over time as elasticity deteriorates

• Difficult to remove

• Must be cleaned prior to re-use

The cost of firing a kiln will depend on several factors, such as the charge assessed by the electricity provider, the power drawn by the kiln, the duration and makeup of the firing program being performed, the number, size and composition of the pieces being fired. Use this formula to calculate your costs.

Cost per kilowatt-hour (1)

x Kilowatt rating of kiln (2)

x Program duration in hrs. (3)

x Duty cycle of the kiln (4)

= Cost of firing program

(1) Providers of electricity charge for power in kilowatt (kW) hours. The cost per kW-hour ranges from approximately $0.10 to $0.20 depending on location. This rate is shown on the provider’s monthly bill.

(2) The kilowatt rating of the kiln can be found on the electrical data plate located on the side of the control box on the kiln. The data plate shows the volt, phase, amp and watt capacities of the kiln. Most smaller, introductory kilns that operate on 120-volt standard household outlets draw about 1500 to 1800 watts. Medium-sized kilns (17"–23"W) are rated around 5000 to 8000 watts. Some large glass kilns can be rated as high as 11,000 watts. To convert the watts shown on the data plate to kilowatts, simply divide the watts by 1000: 1500 watts = 1.5kW; 8000 watts = 8.0kW.

(3) The program duration is the number of hours the kiln fires to complete its program. This elapsed time is displayed on the digital controller at the end of the firing cycle. The firing time can be less than an hour or up to 20 hours, depending on the project. If the kiln does not have a digital controller, just measure the time from starting the kiln to when you turn off the kiln.

(4) The duty cycle for the kiln is the amount of time the elements are actively drawing electricity. Electricity is going through the elements ONLY when the relays are ON. The clicking or humming sound heard when the kiln is operating is a clear indictor that the relays are ON and the kiln is actively drawing power. Generally, the duty cycle for firing of kilns with controlled ramp rates, hold times and so on, is roughly 50%–60%. During a program that takes about six hours, the relays will only be actively on, drawing power, for about 3–4 hours.

EXAMPLE #1

In an area where the cost per kW-hour is $0.12, a small-sized kiln operates on standard 120-volt household power and is rated at 1700 watts (1.7kW). The firing program is a fast fusing of glass with a total firing time of 1-1/2 hours. A duty cycle of 60% (0.60) is assumed.

Putting this information together, the formula looks like this:

$0.12 cost/kW-hr.

x 1.7 kW rating

x 1.5 hrs. duration

x 0.6 hr. duty cycle

= $0.18 cost of firing program

In an area where the cost per kW-hour is $0.12, a small-sized kiln operates on standard 120-volt household power and is rated at 1700 watts (1.7kW). The firing program is a fast fusing of glass with a total firing time of 1-1/2 hours. A duty cycle of 60% (0.60) is assumed.

Putting this information together, the formula looks like this:

$0.12 cost/kW-hr.

x 1.7 kW rating

x 1.5 hrs. duration

x 0.6 hr. duty cycle

= $0.18 cost of firing program

Here is a table showing the firing cost for the same kiln and program at different costs per kilowatt-hour:

Cost/kW hr. = Cost of Firing

$0.10/kW hr. = $0.15

$0.12/kW hr. = $0.18

$0.14/kW hr. = $0.21

$0.16/kW hr. = $0.24

$0.18/kW hr. = $0.28

$0.20/kW hr. = $0.31

Cost/kW hr. = Cost of Firing

$0.10/kW hr. = $0.15

$0.12/kW hr. = $0.18

$0.14/kW hr. = $0.21

$0.16/kW hr. = $0.24

$0.18/kW hr. = $0.28

$0.20/kW hr. = $0.31

EXAMPLE #2:

In an area where the cost per kW-hour is $0.12, a medium-sized kiln operates on 240-volt power and is rated at 7000 watts (7.0kW). The firing program is a basic firing for BRONZclay with a total firing time of 9.5 hours, including ramp and hold times. Again, a duty cycle of 60% (0.60) is assumed.

Putting this information together, the formula looks like this:

$0.12 cost/kW-hr.

x 7.0 kW rating

x 9.5 hrs. duration

x 0.6 hr. duty cycle

= $4.79 cost of firing program

In an area where the cost per kW-hour is $0.12, a medium-sized kiln operates on 240-volt power and is rated at 7000 watts (7.0kW). The firing program is a basic firing for BRONZclay with a total firing time of 9.5 hours, including ramp and hold times. Again, a duty cycle of 60% (0.60) is assumed.

Putting this information together, the formula looks like this:

$0.12 cost/kW-hr.

x 7.0 kW rating

x 9.5 hrs. duration

x 0.6 hr. duty cycle

= $4.79 cost of firing program

Here is a table showing the firing cost for the same kiln and program at different costs per kilowatt-hour:

Cost/kW hr. = Cost of Firing

$0.10/kW hr. = $3.99

$0.12/kW hr. = $4.79

$0.14/kW hr. = $5.59

$0.16/kW hr. = $6.38

$0.18/kW hr. = $7.18

$0.20/kW hr. = $7.98

Cost/kW hr. = Cost of Firing

$0.10/kW hr. = $3.99

$0.12/kW hr. = $4.79

$0.14/kW hr. = $5.59

$0.16/kW hr. = $6.38

$0.18/kW hr. = $7.18

$0.20/kW hr. = $7.98

the sum of the two connecting gates for

optimal flow of metal into the pattern.

Please Note: Round gates are best, and

3mm round is the best for most patterns.